Family physical violence: How big is the nagging issue in Canada?

Of most reported crime that is violent 2016, one or more quarter (26%) lead from family members physical violence. Footnote 1 very nearly 67% of household physical physical physical violence victims had been ladies and girls. Footnote 1

Women can be victims of intimate partner physical physical violence more regularly and much more seriously than males

  • 79% of authorities reported intimate partner physical violence is against women Footnote 1 .
  • Females had been victims of intimate partner homicide at a consistent level four times more than men Footnote 2 .

Family physical physical physical violence is under-reported

Specialists understand that prices of all of the types of household physical violence are underestimated. For instance, in 2014, less than one in five (19%) who had previously been mistreated by their partner reported abuse to police Footnote 3 .

There are lots of main reasons why individuals do not report family members physical physical violence. One is because of the stigma related to it. Small children might not report physical physical violence simply because they could have restricted associates outside of the household in whom they could properly confide.

Intimate partner violence

Check out findings from present reports on family members physical violence and physical physical violence against females:

Ladies are prone to experience serious violence that is spousal to guys in comparison to guys, ladies who encounter spousal physical physical violence are:

  • doubly likely to report being sexually assaulted, beaten, choked or threatened with a weapon or a blade. EFootnote 3
  • very likely to report greater prices of damage due to punishment (40% of feminine victims in comparison to 24per cent of male victims). Footnote 3
  • more prone to experience longterm PTSD-like results than men Footnote 3 .
  • prone to report being pay or called names than men Footnote 3 .

Native women can be more prone to experience violence that is spousal 4

  • Almost 60% ag E of Indigenous ladies who reported abuse that is spousal reported being actually hurt as a consequence of it versus 41% ag E of non-Indigenous women Footnote 4 .
  • 1 / 2 of the native ladies violence that is experiencing probably the most serious types of physical physical violence: being intimately assaulted, beaten, choked, or threatened having a weapon or perhaps a knife Footnote 4 . Ag E

Ladies have actually the highest rates general

  • Relating to data that are police-reported 2016, ladies aged 15-24 present the best prices of dating physical physical violence. Footnote 3

Same-sex relationships

  • Ladies who self-identified as lesbian or bisexual reported notably higher prices of physical physical violence by way of a partner than heterosexual ladies (11 E percent vs. 3%). Footnote 3

Youngster neglect and abuse

Within the 2012, Canadian Community wellness Survey- psychological state, 32percent of Canadian grownups stated that that they had skilled some type of punishment ahead of the chronilogical age of 16: Footnote 5

  • 26% had skilled abuse that is physical
  • 10% had experienced abuse that is sexual
  • 8% had skilled contact with intimate partner physical violence

In accordance with 2016 police-report information:

  • Among kids and youth victims of physical violence reported to police, 30% had been victims of household physical physical violence perpetrated by moms and dads, siblings, extensive member of the family or partner. Footnote 1
  • Girls had been 4,5 times much more likely than guys become victims of youngster intimate punishment by a member of the family. Footnote 1
  • Girls involving the many years of 14-17 had been very nearly doubly probably be victims of family-related physical violence, in comparison to their male counterparts. Footnote 1

Prices of son or daughter punishment by style of punishment

In accordance with information from youngster welfare agencies in Canada in 2008 Footnote 6 , young ones had been confronted with listed here kinds of abuse: – experience of intimate partner physical violence (34%) – Neglect (34%) – real punishment (20%) – psychological punishment (9%) – Sexual punishment (3%)

Senior abuse & neglect

Based on a 2016 Statistics Canada report:

  • Almost 4% of victims of household physical violence were 65 years or older. Footnote 1
  • Almost 61percent of incidents of elder abuse had been assaults that are physical older grownups, and 21% involved threats. Footnote 1
  • 34% of older grownups had been victimized by member of the family. Footnote 1
    • Among ladies victims, 33% were victimised by their partner and 31% by their grown kid. Footnote 1
    • In contrast, among males, the target’s grown kid ended up being the most frequent perpetrator. Footnote 1


E: Estimate should really be used in combination with caution


Burczycka, M.& Conroy, S. (2018). «Family physical physical physical violence in Canada: a profile that is statistical 2016.» Juristat, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

David, J-D. (2017). «Homicide in Canada, 2016.» Juristat, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada, Catalogue no. 85-002-X. .

Boyce, J. (2016). «Victimisation Aboriginal Individuals in Canada.» Juristat, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-X.

Afifi, T. O., MacMillan, H. L., Boyle, M., Taillieu, T., Cheung, K., & Sareen, J. Child punishment and psychological problems in Canada. Canadian Health Association Journal, 186(9), E324-E332.

Public Wellness Agency of Canada. (2010). Canadian Incidence learn of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect – 2008: Major Findings. Ottawa, ON.